Whitepaper Library 

Thank you for requesting access to the Axia Whitepaper Library. You can download full papers below. We hope you find these resources both interesting and helpful. Now that you have access, feel free to check back periodically for new whitepapers.

Effective of Beverage Composition on RFID Performance Using PET Bottles

February 2024

In this study, three different commercially available UHF RFID tags were used on PET bottles filled with simulated apple and orange juice compositions as well as the equivalent commercially available juices. The major performance parameters including tag sensitivity, read range, and orientation patterns were determined. The study also focused on apple and orange juice to represent beverages with sucrose and citric acid, two factors that can affect the dielectric properties of the product, thus influencing RFID performance. Published in Foods Journal, February 20, 2024.

Feasibility of RFID for End-to-End Traceability

November 2023

This comprehensive whitepaper addresses the results of a collaborative pilot project led by Michigan State University’s Axia Institute. The primary objective of this endeavor conducted within the Axia Lab, was to assess the potential of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology in establishing an end-to-end traceable pharmaceutical supply chain, all while adhering to GS1 standards and the interoperability requirements outlined by the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Drug Supply Chain Security Act (DSCSA).

Notably, the integration of RFID demonstrated substantial time savings and a marked reduction in errors, particularly within the intricate landscape of diverse product environments.

DSCSA vs. FSMA: Why RFID Is Key to Compliance with DSCSA and FSMA
October 2023

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology is a revolutionary advancement that enhances how different items are identified, tracked, and managed across the supply chain. The FDA has implemented both the Drug Supply Chain Security Act (DSCSA) and the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) to improve the safety and security of the drug and food supply chains respectively, in the United States. Authored by The Axia Institute of Michigan State University and Avery Dennison, this paper reviews the requirements outlined by these important regulatory acts and introduces the idea of RFID as an enabling technology to help strengthen the safety and security of these vital supply chains.

Finally, this paper will explore the recent initiatives that have been implemented by the FDA to improve DSCSA and FSMA compliance by enhancing product authentication, traceability, monitoring, and data accuracy, leading to safer and more transparent supply chains for both pharmaceuticals and food products.

The Lithium-Ion Battery (Market) Is Heating Up: Are We Ready?
April 2023

Lithium-ion batteries have emerged as the primary choice for electric vehicles beyond the diverse applications in medical devices, smart watches, drones, satellites, and utility-scale storage. However, they are experiencing Environmental Supply Chain and Governance (ESG) issues due to their high cost and low availability and concerns about their ability to be recycled. This whitepaper addresses the technology required to address ESG concerns and to ensure we are prepared for the changes that will be brought about by lithium-ion battery growth resulting from the proliferation of Electric Vehicles (EVs).

This paper also provides an overview of the current state-of-the-art solutions for the recycling of Li-Ion batteries and introduces the Axia Institute’s proposed solution for Lithium-ion car batteries and landfill waste reduction.